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Dynemic Heterogeneous Grid Computing

Grid and cluster architectures have gained popularity for computationally intensive parallel applications. However, the complexity of the infrastructure, consisting of computational nodes, mass storage, and interconnection networks, poses great challenges with respect to overall system reliability. Simple tools of reliability analysis show that as the complexity of the system increases, its reliability, and thus, Mean Time to Failure (MTTF), decreases. The reliability of the entire system is computed as the product of the reliabilities of all system components.


There is a large base of existing applications that have been developed in other languages. Reengineering may not be feasible due to performance or cost reasons. Environments like Microsoft .Net address portability but only few scientific applications on Grids or clusters exist. Whereas Grids and clusters are dominated by unix operating systems, e.g., Linux or Solaris, Microsoft .Net is Windows-centric with only recent or partial unix support. Besides heterogeneity, one has to address the dynamic nature of the Grid. Volatility is not only an intracluster issue, i.e., configuration changes within a cluster, but also an intercluster reality. Intracluster volatility may be the result of node failures, whereas intercluster volatility is caused by network disruptions between clusters. From an administrative viewpoint, the reality of Grid operation, such as cluster/node reservations or maintenance, may restrict long executions on fixed topologies due to the fact that operation at different sites may be hard to coordinate. It is usually difficult to reserve a large cluster for long executions, let alone scheduling extensive uninterrupted time on multiple, perhaps geographically dispersed, sites. Lastly, configuration changes may be induced by the application as the result of changes of runtime observable quality-of-service (QOS) parameters. To overcome the aforementioned problems and challenges, we present mechanisms that tolerate faults and operation-induced disruption of parts or the entire execution of the application. We introduce flexible rollback recovery mechanisms that impose no artificial restrictions on the execution. They do not depend on the pre-failure configuration and consider 1) node and cluster failures as well as operation-induced unavailability of resources and 2) dynamic topology reconfiguration in heterogeneous systems.


Dynemic Heterogeneous Grid Computing

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